Colombia, a country located in the extreme north of South America, which has access to two seas: the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is a vibrant and diverse tourist destination that captivates visitors with its rich culture, stunning natural beauty and hospitality.
It is a tourist country from north to south, with a geography that ranges from tropical beaches in the Caribbean to majestic mountains of the Andes mountain range and lush Amazon jungles. Colombia offers a variety of unique experiences.
Additionally, its historic cities, such as Cartagena and Bogotá, dazzle with their colonial architecture, colorful streets, and an exciting culinary scene. With a growing tourism infrastructure, Colombia has become an increasingly popular tourist destination that delights travelers with its authentic charm and stunning landscapes. The friendliness of Colombians makes tourists feel welcome.
Some of the main tourist sites in Colombia
Colombia is a country full of natural beauty and rich history that offers a wide variety of tourist destinations to explore. Here is a list of some of the main tourist sites in Colombia:
1. Cartagena de Indias
This walled city is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Colombia. Its colonial architecture, cobblestone streets and beautiful beaches attract visitors from all over the world. In addition, Cartagena has a vibrant nightlife and a delicious gastronomic offer.
2. Tayrona National Natural Park
Located on the Caribbean coast, the Tayrona National Natural Park is a natural paradise with dream beaches, tropical jungle and rugged mountains. It is ideal for those looking to enjoy nature, hiking and diving.
3. Lost City
Also known as Teyuna, the Lost City is an ancient pre-Columbian city built by the Tayrona civilization. It is one of the most important archaeological treasures in Latin America and offers a unique trekking experience (walking through natural settings) through lush landscapes and ancient paths.
Colombia’s second largest city has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years. Medellín stands out for its constant spring climate, its modern infrastructure and its cultural offer. Parque Explora, the Museum of Modern Art of Medellín, Pueblito Paisa, the Castillo Museum and the innovative public transportation system Metro, Metrocable and Tram are just some of the attractions that the city offers, as well as the electric scales of the commune thirteen, among others.
5. Tatacoa Desert
Located in the department of Huila, the Tatacoa Desert is a natural reserve with unique desert landscapes and fascinating rock formations. It is an ideal place for astronomy lovers, as it offers excellent conditions for stargazing.
6. Los Nevados National Natural Park
Located in the Central Cordillera of the Andes, this national park is a paradise for lovers of hiking and mountaineering. It offers a variety of routes and snow-capped peaks, including the Nevado del Ruiz, one of the most active volcanoes in Colombia.
7. City of Bogotá
The capital of Colombia is a vibrant and cosmopolitan city that combines the old and the modern. The historic center of La Candelaria features beautiful squares, colonial churches and museums, while the Usaquén neighborhood offers a wide range of restaurants and boutique shops.
These are just a few examples of the many tourist destinations that Colombia has to offer. From its paradisiacal beaches to its stunning mountain landscapes and rich cultural history, Colombia is a country full of unforgettable experiences for travelers.
The Most Tourist Islands in Colombia
Colombia has several tourist islands that are popular with visitors. Some of them include:
1. Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina
This archipelago in the Caribbean Sea is known for its beautiful white sand beaches, crystal clear waters and coral reefs ideal for diving and snorkeling.
2. Rosario Islands
Located off the coast of Cartagena, the Rosario Islands are a popular tourist destination due to their beautiful beaches and incredible marine life. They also house the Oceanarium, an aquarium that displays the marine biodiversity of the region.
3. Baru Island
This island near Cartagena offers paradisiacal beaches and a wide variety of water activities. It is an ideal place to relax and enjoy the sun.
4. Earth Bomb Island
Located near Cartagena, this island is known for its extensive beaches and beachfront accommodation options. It is a popular destination for sun and beach lovers.
5. Gorgon Island
In the Colombian Pacific, Gorgona Island is a tropical paradise with lush jungles, virgin beaches and a great diversity of marine species. It is also renowned for its whale sightings.
These are just a few of the many tourist islands that Colombia has to offer. Each of them has its unique charm and offers different experiences for travelers.
States of Colombia and their respective Capitals
Colombia is divided into 32 departments or states and a capital district which is Bogotá. Listed below are its different departments or states with their respective capital city:
- Amazonas: Capital City “Leticia”
- Antioquia: Capital City «Medellin»
- Arauca: Capital City «Arauca«
- Atlántico: Capital City «Barranquilla»
- Bolívar: Capital City «Cartagena de Indias»
- Boyacá: Capital City «Tunja»
- Caldas: Capital City «Manizales«
- Caquetá: Capital City «Florencia«
- Casanare: Capital City «Yopal«
- Cauca: Capital City «Popayán«
- César: Capital City «Valledupar«
- Chocó: Capital City «Quibdó«
- Córdoba: Capital City «Montería«
- Cundinamarca: Capital City «Bogotá» la cual a su vez es el Distrito Capital de Colombia.
- Guainía: Capital City «Inírida«
- Guaviare: Capital City «San José del Guaviare«
- Huila: Capital City «Neiva«
- La Guajira: Capital City «Riohacha«
- Magdalena: Capital City «Santa Marta«
- Meta: Capital City «Villavicencio«
- Nariño: Capital City «Pasto«
- Norte de Santander: Capital City «San José de Cúcuta«
- Putumayo: Capital City «Mocoa«
- Quindío: Capital City «Armenia«
- Risaralda: Capital City «Pereira«
- San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina (special district)
- Santander: Capital City «Bucaramanga«
- Sucre: Capital City «Sincelejo«
- Tolima: Capital City «Ibagué«
- Valle del Cauca: Capital City »Santiago de Cali«
- Vaupés: Capital City «Mitú«
- Vichada: Capital City «Puerto Carreño«
The Gastronomy of Colombia
Colombian gastronomy is a mix of flavors, colors and traditions that reflect the cultural and geographical diversity of the country. With its fresh and varied ingredients, Colombia has become a globally recognized culinary destination.
The most emblematic dish of Colombia
One of the most emblematic dishes of Colombian cuisine is the tumba paisa. This generous meal typical of the Antioquia region includes beef, chicharrón, chorizo, beans, rice, ripe plantain, avocado and fried egg. It is an explosion of flavors and textures that represents the abundance and hospitality of Colombians.
The traditional dish of Colombia
Another traditional dish is ajiaco, a thick, comforting soup that varies by region. Santafereño ajiaco, originally from Bogotá, is prepared with chicken, Creole potatoes, corn on the cob, guascas (an aromatic herb), capers and heavy cream. It is a hot delight perfect for the cold days of the Colombian capital.
The star dish of the Caribbean coast of Colombia
On the Caribbean coast, the star dish is coconut rice and fried fish. Coconut rice is cooked with grated coconut and served as an accompaniment to fresh fish, seafood and fried plantains. This combination of tropical flavors evokes the festive and relaxed spirit of the Caribbean region.
The most outstanding dish of the Pacific region of Colombia
In the Pacific region, the fish sancocho stands out, a soup made with different types of fish, green plantains, yucca, cilantro and other ingredients. It is a dish full of flavor and represents the African influence in Colombian gastronomy.
The most consumed food in Colombia
The arepa is one of the most consumed foods in Colombia and is a fundamental part of the daily diet. It is a type of round, flat bread made from corn dough. It can be eaten for breakfast, lunch or dinner, and can be filled with cheese, meat, chicken, avocado or any other ingredient of your choice.
Colombian Milk Dulce
As for desserts, dulce de leche is a Colombian delicacy. Known as arequipe, it is made by cooking milk over low heat with sugar or some sweetener until obtaining a creamy and sweet consistency. It is used as a filling for pastries, cakes and sweets, or simply eaten alone.
Origin of Colombian gastronomy
Colombian gastronomy is a combination of indigenous, African and European traditions that have given rise to a variety of unique and delicious dishes. Each region of the country has its own culinary specialties, but they all share a passion for food and good taste. Exploring Colombian gastronomy is an experience that will immerse you in an explosion of flavors and leave you wanting more.
The Colombian Hotel Service
The hotel service in Colombia has experienced notable growth and improvement in recent years. The country has become an increasingly popular tourist destination, which has led to an increase in accommodation supply and greater competitiveness in the hotel sector.
Colombia has a wide range of hotel options that adapt to different budgets and needs. From luxury hotels from well-known international chains to cozy boutique accommodations and accommodations in local communities, there are options to suit all tastes.
Innovation in the hotel service in Colombia
Hotels in Colombia strive to provide guests with quality service and hospitality. Many establishments offer modern amenities, such as comfortable rooms, gourmet restaurants, gyms, spas and swimming pools, to ensure a pleasant and satisfying experience.
Gastronomy is also a prominent aspect in hotel service in Colombia. Many hotels have restaurants offering a variety of traditional dishes and international cuisine, giving guests an opportunity to sample the country’s culinary diversity.
Friendly and trained staff at the service of tourists in hotels in Colombia
In addition, most hotels in Colombia have friendly and knowledgeable staff who are willing to attend to guests’ needs and provide tourist information and recommendations about nearby places of interest.
In terms of location, hotels in Colombia are strategically located in the main cities, as well as in tourist and natural areas. This allows visitors to easily access places of interest and enjoy local attractions.
Hotel cleaning and disinfection protocols in Colombia
It is important to mention that the hotel industry in Colombia has made great efforts to guarantee the safety and well-being of guests. Many hotels have implemented additional hygiene measures and cleaning protocols to address the COVID-19 pandemic situation, thus ensuring a safe and healthy environment.
Ecological practices to minimize the environmental impact in hotels in Colombia
Additionally, sustainable and responsible tourism is on the rise in Colombia, and many hotels have adopted ecological and social practices to minimize their impact on the environment and support local communities.
In summary, hotel service in Colombia has evolved significantly, offering a variety of quality accommodation options and providing friendly and professional service. Travelers can expect a rewarding experience in terms of comfort, hospitality, and attention to their needs while enjoying all that Colombia has to offer.
The Colombian Economy
La economía Colombiana es considerada una de las economías más grandes de América Latina. Su economía es diversa y se basa en varios sectores:
Colombia is one of the world’s leading producers of coffee, flowers, bananas, cocoa and sugar. It also grows products such as rice, corn, fruits and vegetables.
The Colombian industry focuses on the production of textiles, chemicals, petrochemicals, cement, processed foods, pharmaceutical products, machinery and equipment.
3. Mining and energy:
Colombia is rich in natural resources, including coal, oil, natural gas, emeralds and gold. The extraction of these resources plays an important role in the country’s economy.
Tourism has gained relevance in the Colombian economy in recent years. The country has a wide variety of tourist destinations, from paradisiacal beaches in the Caribbean to colonial cities like Cartagena and natural destinations like the Tayrona National Natural Park.
The service sector in Colombia includes activities such as commerce, finance, insurance, communication, transportation and tourism.
It is important to highlight that Colombia has experienced constant economic growth in recent decades, although it also faces challenges in terms of inequality and regional development.
If you travel to Colombia, you will find a great diversity of landscapes and climates, from desert with dunes, jungle regions with great fauna, mountains with paramos and beautiful coasts on two oceans, as well as large valleys, and even a river of various colors. The Landscapes in this country are varied and beautiful. Not to mention the beauty of its islands and the kindness of its people.