Peru, a country located on the western coast of South America, is known for its incredible geographic and cultural diversity. With a rich history and an abundance of natural wonders, Peru has become a popular tourist destination for travelers from around the world.
The capital of Peru is Lima, a vibrant and cosmopolitan city that combines its rich historical heritage with modern infrastructure. Lima has a wide range of tourist attractions, such as the historic center, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, where the Plaza Mayor, the Lima Cathedral and the Government Palace are located. Additionally, the Miraflores district is famous for its beautiful cliffs overlooking the Pacific Ocean and its lively nightlife.
The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN). Visitors can exchange their currency at banks, exchange offices or use ATMs that are easily found in major cities. It is advisable to carry some cash in soles for small transactions, as some rural areas may have difficulty accepting credit cards.
Peruvian gastronomy has gained international recognition in recent years. Peruvian cuisine is a fusion of indigenous, European, African and Asian influences, making it one of the most diverse and tasty in the world.
Some emblematic dishes include ceviche, lomo saltado, ají de gallina and the famous grilled chicken. In addition, Peru is famous for its variety of potatoes and its delicious desserts such as suspiro limeño and mazamorra morada.
Peruvian culture is the result of a mixture of indigenous and Spanish traditions. Peruvians are known for their hospitality and warmth towards visitors. Music and dance play an important role in Peruvian culture, with marinera, huayno and Afro-Peruvian music being some of the most representative genres. Additionally, Peruvian art and crafts, such as textiles, ceramics and silverware, are highly valued.
The predominant religion in Peru is Catholicism, but there are also other religious practices, such as evangelical Christianity and indigenous beliefs. The country has a large number of historic churches and cathedrals that reflect its religious heritage.
Main Celebrations in Peru
As for the festivities, the Inti Raymi or Festival of the Sun is one of the most important celebrations in Peru. It takes place on June 24 in Cusco and commemorates the winter solstice in the Andes. Another notable event is the Cajamarca Carnival, a festival full of color, music and dance that takes place in February.
Main tourist sites in Peru
Peru has a wide variety of impressive tourist sites. Machu Picchu, Cuzco, the ancient city of the Inca empire, located high in the Andes, is one of the most emblematic and visited destinations in the country. The Colca Canyon, in Arequipa, is one of the deepest canyons in the world and offers stunning panoramic views, the Nazca lines, Lake Titicaca. The Peruvian Amazon, with its lush rainforest and unique biodiversity, is another notable attraction for nature lovers.
The hotel service of Peru
Regarding hotel service, Peru has a wide range of options for all budgets. From luxury hotels in major cities and beachfront resorts, to hostels and boutique accommodations in more touristy areas, visitors will find options to suit their needs.
Transportation in Peru
Regarding transportation, Peru offers a bus network that connects the main cities and tourist destinations. Lima has a public transportation system that includes buses and metro.
International flights mainly arrive at Jorge Chávez International Airport in Lima, although there are also regional airports in different parts of the country, internal flights are a convenient option for quick travel between distant destinations. Another International Airport is the Alejandro Velasco Astete in Cusco.
Peru offers a unique combination of history, culture, gastronomy and natural beauty. From bustling Lima to mysterious archaeological sites, vibrant festivals and stunning landscapes, Peru captivates visitors and leaves an indelible mark on those who have the opportunity to explore it.